The holidays have been extended, but students’ learning has not stopped. In this special period, schools have moved classrooms in the air and put them on the Internet. Online learning has become the main way for primary and middle school students to learn. Over a period of time, many students, teachers, and parents expressed their “unsuitable” status. Is online learning just watching videos? In fact, only by recognizing the essence of learning and getting rid of the following misunderstandings can online learning really happen. Let’s look at it together.
Online learning is currently the main learning method for primary and middle school students to “suspend classes without stopping”. However, since the start of online learning, many students, teachers and parents have complained about “unsuitability” and even extreme phenomena such as “tired students, busy teachers, and anxious parents”. Deep reflection, the above phenomenon appears mainly due to misunderstanding of online learning. Only by clarifying concepts, clarifying responsibilities, getting out of misunderstandings, and taking concrete actions can online learning truly happen, and truly achieve the goals of learning to learn, to think, to be a man, to learn to exercise, and to learn to live optimistically.
Online Learning ≠ Mastering New Knowledge
Some parents or students complained that the study was too tiring because of the many courses, the content and the heavy tasks. The starting point of these complaints is that learning is to master new knowledge. The root cause is a misunderstanding of the goal of online learning.
Different from traditional school learning, online learning pays more attention to improving students’ autonomous learning ability and self-control, enriching students’ emotions and tempering students’ will quality, and emphasizing students to develop self-conscious learning habits and taste learning fun and charm. Online learning content is only a vehicle for achieving goals.
At present, online learning content should include all courses required by the state, including cultural courses, as well as art, sports, labor skills, and comprehensive practice courses. However, the core literacy of the disciplines cultivated by these courses has its own focus. Some courses focus on the cultivation of thinking ability, and some courses focus on process edification and experience. For example, in music lessons, we must learn to appreciate and learn to express, so that students can listen and sing. Another example is physical education. Let the children do and practice. No matter which course it is, it points to the key competencies and core qualities of the subject, rather than just mastering knowledge.
To get out of the misunderstanding that “online learning is to master knowledge” requires accurate positioning of the value of knowledge, giving full play to the educational value of knowledge, feeling the charm of learning, and further strengthening the motivation of learning. To achieve this fundamental goal, it is necessary to take students as the main body, self-learning as the main line, online learning resources and platforms as the carrier, teacher-oriented and student assistance as the basis. And parental guidance and encouragement as the guarantee. The synergy to achieve the goal. The exhaustion of online learning lies in thinking, experiencing, and feeling. This tiredness can quickly be transformed into “happiness”. It can be seen that real online learning is a process of having fun.
Online Learning ≠ Watch Video
Watching the video for a long time seriously affected the eyesight of the students. This is the main evidence that many public opinions accuse online learning. This accusation equates online learning with watching videos. The root cause is a misunderstanding of the nature of online learning.
Online learning is a learning method, and the key part of learning is the process of thinking and experience. The real occurrence of online learning requires the experience of feeling, thinking, experience, perception, reflection, internalization, and externality. Without thinking exploration and perceptual experience, real learning is not. Even the senses include vision, hearing, touch and other types. On the surface, online learning seems to start with vision, but the key role is still hearing, because only through hearing can we enter the stage of thinking and experience. Online learning focuses on thinking and experience. The key is perception and reflection, and ultimately internalization and externalization.
It can be seen that online learning is not only about watching videos, but also about thinking, experiencing, feeling, introspecting, internalizing, and displaying according to video instructions. Different subjects have different ways of thinking and experience. For example, Chinese subjects, reading, thinking, and writing are the key learning methods. In mathematics, thinking, practicing, and listening are the key learning methods. In labor skill classes, listening, doing, and acting are key learning methods. None of these can be replaced by watching videos.
If a student stares at the video for a long time, it can be inferred that the student has not really entered the learning state. Student learning is a complete process from feeling to inquiry or experience, to reflection and perception, and finally to spiritual sublimation and a sense of gain.
In this process, cultural classes can be divided into five parts. One is to obtain learning instructions. The second is to study independently in accordance with the instructions and complete the instructions; accept the teacher’s assessment of the quality of the task completion, and then either re-explorate or enter the next inquiry link; complete the inquiry tasks in sequence. The third is to overcome difficult tasks in accordance with instructions. Or exploration or experience, or reflection or perception. The fourth is to reflect on the content of learning according to the instructions, connect new and old knowledge, and summarize the learning gains; mainly listening to the teacher’s summary and improvement. The fifth is to test the learning effect, complete the relevant exercises, and submit them to the teacher for review and guidance.
Concentration is an important sign of true learning, but focusing on vision for a long time is a sign of watching movies or games, not the performance of true learning. The focus of true learning is mainly focused on thinking, experience and reflection, focusing on the processes of doing, listening, appreciating or practicing. Of course, in order to prevent watching the video from affecting the eyesight, homework or calculations can be required to be completed in paper homework. Try not to let students complete the homework in the document.
Online Teaching ≠ Teacher Live Video
Live online teaching videos are currently the main form of online learning. Because teachers want to move offline classrooms to online, in addition to more detailed lesson preparation, they also need a lot of technical support. The tiredness of net teacher is more likely to be due to lack of technology and huge pressure of frequent live broadcasts. This actually leads to the misunderstanding of equating online teaching with teacher live videos. The root cause is a misunderstanding of the nature of online teaching.
The essence of online teaching is guidance and assistance. Guidance focuses on what students learn, how to learn, and what level they have learned. Student assistance helps students resolve learning stuck and blocked points, solve learning difficulties, strengthen learning points, and solve students’ confusion and doubts in learning.
Generally speaking, teachers in online teaching of cultural courses mainly do three things.
1. Integrate Learning Resources
Currently, online learning resources are abundant, but good and bad are mixed. Teachers need to evaluate the value of these resources, integrate resources based on academic conditions, determine learning goals, and convert resources into student learning procedures and learning content, and develop a task list suitable for their students. This lesson preparation link requires a lot of energy from the teacher. The quality of the learning task list determines the effectiveness of students’ autonomous learning.
2. Guidance And Assistance
Translating the task list into student learning behavior is the main manifestation of online teaching. At the beginning of online teaching, the main responsibility of teachers is to remind students of tasks that are easy to overlook, and to guide students to accurately understand and grasp learning tasks.
In online teaching, the first is to evaluate and feedback the quality of students’ learning tasks. If the task is not completed well, students are required to study again until the task is completed well; if the task is well completed, proceed to the next learning task.
The second is to help students solve difficult points and understand the key points. Introduce micro-videos to crack the difficult points, guide students to watch the video purposefully, ask questions after the video, let students think, remember, and experience, and then complete the learning task. The third is to answer questions at any time, to ease learning stuck, blockages and difficulties. Then there is learning summary and improvement.
After the learning task is basically completed, the teacher can use the audio to summarize the key points of this study, emphasize the connection between knowledge, guide the understanding of the spiritual connotation in the learning content, and taste the learning gain. Finally, the task of testing the learning effect is arranged.
3. Correct Homework
Collect student work and review it. According to the completion quality of the work, study and judge the student’s learning effect, and formulate strengthening and remedial measures. Other courses optimize the above process based on the characteristics of the course.
It can be seen that accurately positioning teachers’ value and changing teachers’ responsibilities are important prerequisites for online learning to happen. Do not live broadcast teaching videos on a large scale for a long time. This is not only time-consuming and laborious, but also ineffective. Strictly speaking, this behavior is not true online teaching.
Online Learning ≠ Parents Accompanying School
What should parents do when children learn online? Since the launch of online learning, parents have also expressed the strongest feedback. They may complain that they do not have time to study with their children or that they feel sorry for their children. These demands are mainly due to the misunderstanding that online learning is equivalent to parental education. The root cause is a misunderstanding of the role of parents in children’s online learning.
The key to online learning is to exercise children’s self-control, self-discipline, and autonomy. Students in different stages have different learning content, different learning requirements, and different learning methods. Children in the first and second grades can also learn independently, but their autonomous learning is “primary”, mainly manifested in the types of watching, listening, thinking, and doing. According to the instructions of the video, children can watch it by themselves, listen to it by themselves, and do it by themselves. Especially parents in elementary school should pay more attention to cultivating children’s self-reliance and self-reliance, especially self-control and self-discipline. Generally speaking, for students above the third grade, online learning is mainly for the students themselves, and parents do not need to intervene too much.
For online learning, parents should do four things:
1. Guide Children To Establish A Sense Of Independence And Autonomy
Guide children to establish awareness of doing their own things and completing their own tasks by themselves. Help children to set their own learning goals, enhance children’s confidence, and encourage children to complete their goals.
2. Rest Assured That Children Can Try, Feel, Perceive, And Think By Themselves
When a child is learning online, parents should monitor behind the scenes, let alone stand in the adult’s perspective and point fingers at the child’s learning.
3. Encourage Children To Learn Independently
Parents should let their children understand the criteria for evaluating the effects of online learning, and reflect and summarize the gains and deficiencies of online learning with their children. In particular, it is necessary to focus on encouragement, focus on stimulating children’s interest in learning, and taste learning gains with children, and enhance children’s self-confidence and curiosity.
4. Communicate With Teachers And Negotiate Effective Learning Strategies
Parents often communicate with teachers, work with teachers to solve problems of low learning quality of children, and work independently with children to complete online learning tasks efficiently.
Of course, for students who do not have online learning conditions, or students whose parents are not around, especially students whose parents are medical personnel who are fighting on the front line of epidemic prevention, the school should take personalized measures, or arrange extracurricular reading tasks on the phone, or alone Online one-on-one tutoring, etc., to ensure the quality of online learning.